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Canada

Mexico

U.S.

Survey
Name(s)

Field Crop Reporting
Series (Crops)
Potato Area and Yield
Survey (PAYS)

Web agricultural network (RAW web)
administrative records of crops
production

Field Crops Reporting Series (Crops)

Survey
Frequency

Crops – March, June,
July, September,
November, December
PAYS – June, October

Crops – Monthly: includes planted area,
harvested area observed yields and
obtain production and Annual for crops
production.

Crops-Monthly

Survey
Content

Crops:

March: Grains in storage
(24 crops); fall/winter
crops seeding and
expected harvest; seeding
intentions (52 crops);
tame hay and forage crop
intentions; land balance

June: Fall/winter crops
seeding and expected
harvest; seeded areas (52
crops); genetically
modified seed; tame hay
and forage crop seeded
areas; land balance

July: Grains in storage
(24 crops); fall/winter
crops seeding and
expected harvest; seeded
and harvested areas,
yields and production  (52
crops); tame hay and
forage crop seeded areas;
land balance

September: Fall/winter
crops seeding, harvest and
intentions;  seeded and
harvested areas, yields
and production (52 crops);
tame hay and forage crop
seeded and harvested
areas, yield and
production; land balance

November: Fall/winter
crops seeding, harvest,
yield, production and
intentions;  seeded and
harvested areas, yield and
production (52 crops);
genetically modified seed ;
tame hay and forage crop
seeded and harvested areas,
yield and production; land
balance

December: Grains in storage
(24 crops)

PAYS:

June: Potato seeded area,
potato prices received

October: Potato seeded
and harvest area; potato
yield

Plantings/seeding
Harvested area
Affected area
Production
Yields
Rural price
Value

Crops:

January:  (28 crops) perennial crops
seeding and harvested.

February: seeding intentions perennial
(24 crops).

April: seeding intentions spring/summer

April-March: (36 crops)
spring/summer crops seeding and
harvested.

October: seeding intentions (36 crops)
fall/winter and (4 crops) perennial
special.

October: (36 crops) fall/winter crops
seeding and harvested.

January: On and off farm stocks;
winter wheat seeded acreage;
Crop Production Summary,
Acreage, yield, and   production
data; previous year revised.
Objective yield survey data
(selected States); corn plant
populations, ears per acre,
soybean pods with beans per 18
square feet.

March: 
March Prospective Plantings,
(March 1 expected plantings 
for 20 crops);On and off farm
s
tocks ;

May: Harvested acreage, yield,
and production (7 crops)

June:  Harvested acreage,
yield, and production (6 crops);
Planted and harvested acreage
(26 crops);  acreage planted to
biotechnology varieties (U.S.
and selected States for corn,
soybeans and Upland cotton)’;
soybean acreage double
cropped by State; on and off
farm s
tocks

July: Harvested acreage, yield,
and production; harvested
acreage and  production (8
crops)
August: Planted and harvested
acreage yield, and production
(22 crops); winter wheat 
Objective Yield survey data
(number of heads per square
foot and percent of samples
processed) 

September:  Planted and
harvested acreage, yield, and
production (13 crops);
Objective Yield survey data
(selected States; corn plant
populations and ears per acre;
soybean pods with beans per
18 square feet; cumulative
cotton boll counts

Small grain acreage, yield,
and production – current and
revised (wheat, oats, barley,
and rye, U. S. Wheat 
production  by class; on and
off farm s
tocks;

 

October:  Planted and
harvested acreage, yield,
and production (15 crops);
Objective Yield survey data
(selected States; corn plant
populations, ears per acre
and percent of samples
processed; soybean pods
with beans per 18 square
feet.  percent of samples
processed ; cumulative
cotton boll counts

November:  Planted and
harvested acreage, yield,
and production (13 crops);  
Objective Yield survey data
(selected States; corn plant
population, ears per acre,
row width distribution. and
percent of samples
processed; soybean row
width distribution, pods with
beans per 18 square feet.
and percent of samples
processed; cumulative cotton
large boll counts; fall potato
samples and average number
of hills per acre.

December:  Planted and
harvested acreage, yield, and
production (5 crops); coffee
production of;
Objective Yield survey data
(selected States); cumulative
cotton large boll counts

Cotton Ginnings.  13
reports issued biweekly 
(Aug-Mar marketing season);
Annual summary

Cotton Ginnings Annual
Summary,
May 9.  
Running 480-pound bales
ginned, market year average
bale weight; number active
cotton gins by State and
county.

Sampling
Frames

List frame from Statistics
Canada's Business Register

A list or register of all the municipal,
DDR and State is considered

Dual Frame: List Sampling
Frame and Area Frame

Target
Population

Crops:
In June and November:
All field crop operations in
Canada’s ten provinces

In March, July, September
and December: All field
crop operations in Quebec,
Ontario, Manitoba,
Saskatchewan and Alberta

PAYS:
All potato operations in
Canada’s ten provinces
except Quebec, Ontario
and Alberta (information
from these three provinces
come from administrative
data)

All agriculture operations in Mexico

All field crop operations in
U.S.

Population
Sizes

Crops:160,827
operations (2011 Census)

PAYS: 3,272 operations
(2011 Census)

A register of all the municipal,
distrito de desarrollo rural (ddr)
and state in the month

Crops: (2012 Census of
Agriculture)  1,288,875
(harvested cropland)

Survey
Population

Crops: Operations with
crop acreage above a
threshold which is set such
that 95% of the provincial
crop production is
included in the survey
population

PAYS: Operations with
more than one acre of
potatoes 

  Is a administrative record of all
the reported activity in the month
for production and year for
crops production

All operations from which
$1,000 or more of
agricultural products were
produced and sold, or
normally would have been
sold during the year

Approximate
Sample Sizes

Crops:
March: 11,500
operations
June: 25,000
operations
July: 13,000
operations
September: 9,500 
operations
November: 27,000
operations
December: 8,500
operations

PAYS:
June and October:
250 operations

Is an administrative record of a
list of producers supplemented
with producer associations.

Crops:
Monthly Crop Production:
24,000 operations
March Intention:84,000
operations
June Acreage:  71,000
operations
September:66,000
operations
December: 84,000
operations
Off-Farms Grain Stocks:
48,000
Objective Yield: 1,500
Cotton Ginnings:

Data
Collection
Mode

CATI

Telephone, Personal Int.

EDR, Mail, CATI, and
CAPI

Data
Processing,
Edit and
Imputation

Automated edits during
collection
Manual review of
additional edits
post-collection
Deterministic, donor
and historical imputation
used to impute missing
items

Manual edit during collection,
manual review of edits post
collection.

Embedded interactive CATI
edits (BLAISE);  

Comprehensive record level
edits ;
Non response reweighted
estimator adjustments

Weighting
and Estimation

Weights of respondents
adjusted to account for
non-respondents
Adjustments made to the
survey estimates to
account for the
non-surveyed population
based on Census data
Point and ratio estimates
produced
Jackknife variance
estimation

No further weighting methods
are made

Reweighted estimators for
direct measure estimates
and ratios with associated
variances; 
Balance sheet  of survey
estimates and administrative
data  (evaluates
interrelationship of related
estimates

Data
Validation

Manual review of top 25
contributing records to
major estimates.
Comparisons to current
administrative sources
and supply and
disposition tables
Analysis of short-term
trends and information
from the industry
Consultations with
provincial specialists

The information is reviewed
and supplemented with other
sources such as historical
records seasonality and
analysis of variance

Interactive Data Analysis
(IDAS) (record level SAS
analysis, and outlier
detection);
historical estimates and
administrative data
reviewed through
Automated Analysis,
Comment, and Estimation
tool (ACER)

Quality
Indicators

Provincial CV targets
of x% for total potential
cropland
Targeted unweighted
response rates of 80%

Manual review, historical and
comparative estimates review
are done in order to detect
and correct mistakes

State and National CV
targets (1% for US, 3% 
for major states);
Unweighted response rates
(less than 80% requires a
non response bias
assessment)
Weighted response weights
(% of estimate represented
by survey responses)

Publications1

Field Crops Reporting
Series Metadata
http://www23.statcan.
gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?
Function=getSurvey&S
DDS=3401&Item_Id=26556

Potato Area and Yield Survey
Metadata
http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/im
db/p2SV.pl?Function=getSur
vey&SDDS=3446&Item_Id
=59389

Monthly production, national
y per state, web agricultural
network (raw), system web
page
http://www.siap.gob.mx/index.
php?option=com_content&vi
ew=article&id=9&Itemid=14

National and per state, district
and county  livestock
production
http://www.siap.gob.mx/index.
php?option=com_content&vi
ew=article&id=10&Itemid=15

Historical information SIACON
  program, national and per state
http://www.siap.gob.mx/index.
php?option=com_content&vi
ew=article&id=181&Item
id=426

Monthly Crops Production
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1046

Annual Crops Production
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1047

Grain Stocks
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1079

Rice Stocks
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1141

Potatoes Stocks
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1124

Winter Wheat Seedings
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1188

Cotton Ginning
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.
edu/MannUsda/viewDocum
entInfo.do?documentID=
1041

1 Comparative statistics between the three countries can be found at http://webpage.siap.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17&Itemid=12&lang=en

 

Disclaimer

The information is presented as it is, and Statistics Canada, the National Agricultural Statistics Department of Agriculture of the United States, the Agricultural and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP) and the National Institute of Statics and Geography (INEGI), don’t offer any guarantees, express or implied, including but not limited to guarantees of marketing and adapt to a particular purpose. In any case the above agencies shall not be liable for any direct, special, indirect, consequential or other caused by the use of the information provided.