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Livestock

Canada

Mexico

U.S.

 

Survey Name(s)

Survey Name(s)

Survey Name(s)

Cattle

Livestock Survey

Administrative records (information card)

Cattle Report

Hogs

Livestock Survey

Administrative records (information card)

Hog and Pigs Report

Sheep

Livestock Survey

Administrative records (information card)

Sheep and Goat Report

 

Survey Frequency

Survey Frequency

Survey Frequency

Cattle

January, July

Monthly for production, Annual for livestock inventory

January

Hogs

January, July

Monthly for production, Annual for livestock inventory

March, June, September, December

Sheep

January, July

Monthly for production, Annual for livestock inventory

January

 

Survey Content

Survey Content

Survey Content

Cattle

Inventories by type
Weight categories
Calving

Inventory by type
Average Price, production volume and weight by type

Inventory by Class
Calf crop
Total Cattle on Feed

Hogs

Inventories by type
Weight categories
Farrowing
Shipments

Inventory by type
Average Price, production volume and weight

Inventory by Class
Weight Groups
Sows Farrowing
Pig Crop

Sheep

Inventories
Births/Deaths

Inventory by type
Average Price, production volume and weight

Sheep inventory, goat inventory
Lamb crop, Kid crop
Goats by type
Wool production, price, value

 

Sampling Frames

Sampling Frames

Sampling Frames

Cattle

List frame from Statistics Canada's Business Register

A list or register of all the units with production in the period is considered

Dual Frame: List Sampling Frame and Area Frame

Hogs

List frame from Statistics Canada's Business Register

A list or register of all the units with production in the period is considered

Dual Frame: List Sampling Frame and Area Frame

Sheep

List frame from Statistics Canada's Business Register

A list or register of all the units with production in the period is considered

Dual Frame: List Sampling Frame and Area Frame

 

Target Population

Target Population

Target Population

Cattle

All cattle operations in Canada's ten provinces

All cattle operations in Mexico

Cattle on farms regardless of ownership in all U.S. States

Hogs

All hog operations in Canada's ten provinces

All hogs operations in Mexico

All Hogs and pigs owned in all U.S. States

Sheep

All sheep operations in Canada's ten provinces

All sheep operations in Mexico

Sheep and Lambs on farms in all U.S. States

 

Population Sizes (2011 Census)

Population Sizes

Population Sizes (2007 Census)

Cattle

Livestock Survey: 85890 farms

 All the production units with reported activity during the year

 963,669 farms

Hogs

Livestock Survey: 7371 farms

All the production units with reported activity during the year

 75,442 farms

Sheep

Livestock Survey: 10111 farms

All the production units with reported activity during the year

 83,124 farms - Sheep
144,466 farms - Goats

 

Survey Population

Survey Population

Survey Population

Cattle

Livestock Survey: Operations with revenue >= $10,000 CDN and more than ten head of cattle, hogs or sheep

Operations reporting cattle activities on administrative records or other registers during the time period.  

Any place from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were produced and sold, or normally would have been sold during the year.

Hogs

Livestock Survey: Operations with revenue >= $10,000 CDN and more than ten head of cattle, hogs or sheep

Operations reporting hog activities on administrative records or other registers during the time period.  

Any place from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were produced and sold, or normally would have been sold during the year.

Sheep

Livestock Survey: Operations with revenue >= $10,000 CDN and more than ten head of cattle, hogs or sheep

Operations reporting sheep activities on administrative records or other registers during the time period.  

 Any place from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were produced and sold, or normally would have been sold during the year.

 

Approximate Sample Sizes

Approximate Sample Sizes

Approximate Sample Sizes

Cattle

Livestock Survey: 9,000 - 11,200

Is an administrative record of a list of producers supplemented with producer associations and slaughter centers

40,000 -  50,000

Hogs

Livestock Survey: 2,000 - 3,400

Is an administrative record of a list of producers supplemented with producer associations and slaughter centers

11,00 -12,000, December
8,000 - 8,500, March -September

Sheep

Livestock Survey: 1,500 - 2,000

Is an administrative record of a list of producers supplemented with producer associations and slaughter centers

20,000-24,000

 

Data Collection Mode

Data Collection Mode

Data Collection Mode

Cattle

CATI

Telephone, Personal Interviews

Mail, Telephone, CATI, Personal Interviews, Web

Hogs

CATI

Telephone, Personal Interviews.

Mail, Telephone, CATI, Personal Interviews, Web

Sheep

CATI

Telephone, Personal Interviews.

Mail, Telephone, CATI, Personal Interviews, Web

 

Data Processing, Edit and Imputation

Data Processing, Edit and Imputation

Data Processing, Edit and Imputation

Cattle

Automated edits during collection
Manual review of additional edits post-collection
Deterministic, donor and historical imputation used to impute missing items

Basic automatic edits by computer system
Manual edit post collection in successive aggregation steps,
Adjustments and imputation by the use of historical records by the production variables

Basic edits imbedded in CATI instruments (BLAISE).  Comprehensive record level edits for internal consistency.  Non response adjustments made using reweighted estimators.

Hogs

Automated edits during collection
Manual review of additional edits post-collection
Deterministic, donor and historical imputation used to impute missing items

Basic automatic edits by computer system 
Manual edit post collection in successive aggregation steps,
Adjustments and imputation by the use of historical records by the production variables.

Basic edits imbedded in CATI instruments (BLAISE).  Comprehensive record level edits for internal consistency.  Non response adjustments made using reweighted estimators.

Sheep

Automated edits during collection
Manual review of additional edits post-collection
Deterministic, donor and historical imputation used to impute missing items

Basic automatic edits by computer system 
Manual edit post collection in successive aggregation steps,
Adjustments and imputation by the use of historical records by the production variables

Basic edits imbedded in CATI instruments (BLAISE).  Comprehensive record level edits for internal consistency.  Non response adjustments made using reweighted estimators.

 

Weighting and Estimation

Weighting and Estimation

Weighting and Estimation

Cattle

Weights of respondents adjusted to account for non-respondents
Adjustments made to the survey estimates to account for the non-surveyed population based on ratios from the Census
Point and ratio estimates produced
Jackknife variance estimation

Weights of respondents adjusted to account for non-respondents using administrative data

Reweighted estimators are used for direct measure estimates and ratios with associated variances.  A balance sheet, using survey estimates and administrative data, is used to evaluate interrelationship of related estimates.  Estimates are later evaluated against slaughter estimates.

Hogs

Weights of respondents adjusted to account for non-respondents
Adjustments made to the survey estimates to account for the non-surveyed population based on ratios from the Census
Point and ratio estimates produced
Jackknife variance estimation

Weights of respondents adjusted to account for non-respondents using administrative data

Reweighted estimators are used for direct measure estimates and ratios with associated variances.  A balance sheet, using survey estimates and administrative data, is used to evaluate interrelationship of related estimates.  Estimates are later evaluated against slaughter estimates.

Sheep

Weights of respondents adjusted to account for non-respondents
Adjustments made to the survey estimates to account for the non-surveyed population based on ratios from the Census
Point and ratio estimates produced
Jackknife variance estimation

Weights of respondents adjusted to account for non-respondents using administrative data

Reweighted estimators are used for direct measure estimates and ratios with associated variances.  A balance sheet, using survey estimates and administrative data, is used to evaluate interrelationship of related estimates.  Estimates are later evaluated against slaughter estimates.

 

Data Validation

Data Validation

Data Validation

Cattle

Manual review of top 25 contributing records to major estimates. Comparisons to current administrative sources
Analysis of short-term trends and information from the industry
Consultations with provincial specialists

Manual analysis of congruence and consistency with previous data.
The information is verified with other sources, such as specialists, producers associations and others.
Historical analysis and comparative analysis of results.

SAS based Interactive Data Analysis (IDAS) tool for record level analysis, outlier detection, and charting.
An automated Analysis, Comments, and Estimation Review (ACER) tool is used to compare historical estimates and review administrative source data.

Hogs

Manual review of top 25 contributing records to major estimates. Comparisons to current administrative sources
Analysis of short-term trends and information from the industry
Consultations with provincial specialists

Manual analysis of congruence and consistency with previous data.
The information is verified with other sources, such as specialists, producers associations and others.
Historical analysis and comparative analysis of results.

SAS based Interactive Data Analysis (IDAS) tool for record level analysis, outlier detection, and charting.
An automated Analysis, Comments, and Estimation Review (ACER) tool is used to compare historical estimates and review administrative source data.

Sheep

Manual review of top 25 contributing records to major estimates. Comparisons to current administrative sources
Analysis of short-term trends and information from the industry
Consultations with provincial specialists

Manual analysis of congruence and consistency with previous data.
The information is verified with other sources, such as specialists, producers associations and others.
Historical analysis and comparative analysis of results.

SAS based Interactive Data Analysis (IDAS) tool for record level analysis, outlier detection, and charting.
An automated Analysis, Comments, and Estimation Review (ACER) tool is used to compare historical estimates and review administrative source data.

 

Quality Indicators

Quality Indicators

Quality Indicators

Cattle

Provincial CV targets of x% for major variables
Targeted unweighted response rates of 90%

Regional, state and national CV targets of y%
Production estimates are validated using processing data

State and National CV (Targets of 1% for US cattle inventory, 3% for major states).
Unweighted response rates (Less than 80% requires a non response bias assessment)
Weighted response weights (% of estimate represented by survey respondents)

Hogs

Provincial CV targets of x% for major variables
Targeted unweighted response rates of 90%

Regional, state and national CV targets of y%
Production estimates are validated using processing data

State and National CV (Targets of 1% for US hog inventory, 3% for major states).
Unweighted response rates (Less than 80% requires a non response bias assessment)
Weighted response weights (% of estimate represented by survey respondents)

Sheep

Provincial CV targets of x% for major variables
Targeted unweighted response rates of 90%

Regional, state and national CV targets of y%
Production estimates are validated using processing data

State and National CV (Targets of 2% for US sheep inventory, 3% for major states).
Unweighted response rates (Less than 80% requires a non response bias assessment)
Weighted response weights (% of estimate represented by survey respondents)

 

Publications

Publications1

Publications1

Cattle

Livestock Survey Metadata
http://www.statcan.gc.ca

Monthly production, national y per state, SIPCAP system web page http://www.siap.gob.mx
National and per state, district and county  livestock production
http://www.siap.gob.mx
Historical information SIACON  program, national and per state http://www.siap.gob.mx

January 1: U.S. and State level Inventory for all States  All Cattle Inventory
Beef Cows and Milk Cows Inventory
All Bulls and Heifers over 500 lbs
Beef and Milk Cow replacement heifers over 500 lbs
Steers over 500 lbs and Calves under 500 lbs
Annual Calf Crop, Cattle on feed.

http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu

Hogs

Livestock Survey Metadata
http://www.statcan.gc.ca

Monthly production, national y per state, SIPCAP system web page http://www.siap.gob.mx
National and per state, district and county  livestock production
http://www.siap.gob.mx
Historical information SIACON  program, national and per state http://www.siap.gob.mx

U.S. and State level all Hogs and Pigs inventory estimates for 17 States and combined estimates for 33 states. March, June & September.  Base survey in December includes estimates for all 50 States.                                                                    U.S. level estimates of sows and farrowing intentions quarterly. State level sows and farrowing intentions for 17 states.

http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu

Sheep

Livestock Survey Metadata
http://www.statcan.gc.ca

Monthly production, national y per state, SIPCAP system web page http://www.siap.gob.mx
National and per state, district and county  livestock production
http://www.siap.gob.mx
Historical information SIACON  program, national and per state http://www.siap.gob.mx

January 1: U.S. Sheep inventory. Published inventory, market sheep, lamb crop for 33 States.  January 1: U.S. All Goat, angora, milk, meat and other goat inventory by class. State level data for selected States.

http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu

Comparative statistics between the three countries can be found at http://webpage.siap.gob.mx

Last Updated on Friday, 13 March 2015 09:25
 

Disclaimer

The information is presented as it is, and Statistics Canada, the National Agricultural Statistics Department of Agriculture of the United States, the Agricultural and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP) and the National Institute of Statics and Geography (INEGI), don’t offer any guarantees, express or implied, including but not limited to guarantees of marketing and adapt to a particular purpose. In any case the above agencies shall not be liable for any direct, special, indirect, consequential or other caused by the use of the information provided.